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Learn About Banff
townThe Town of Banff incorporated as a municipality in 1990 and was the first municipality in Canada to be incorporated inside a national park. The only other national park community in Canada is the Municipality of Jasper, in Jasper National Park, incorporated in 2001.

The Setting
The Banff townsite covers 3.93 square kilometres (2.5 square miles).

Townsite boundaries are fixed by federal law. The municipality may not expand its land base.

The Town of Banff is located inside Banff National Park, Canada’s first and the world's third national park, established in 1885. The park itself is 6,641 square kilometres (2,564 square miles); 96 percent of the park is wilderness.

Banff National Park is one of four adjacent national parks designated as the Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Population
The Town of Banff has 8,244 residents: 7,251 permanent and 993 temporary (employed a minimum of 30 days) (2011 census). Residents of Banff must meet a “need to reside” requirement, regulated by the federal government.

Economy
Tourism is the town’s economic driver. More than 3 million people visit Banff National Park every year, and almost all of them visit the Town of Banff.

The federal government limits the amount of space available for commercial development in national parks. Commercial space in the Town of Banff is capped at 353,000 square metres (3.8 million square feet), or about 10% of the total area of the townsite. Learn how the Town of Banff manages commercial growth. Commercial activities must be consistent with the purposes of the town as set out in the Banff Incorporation Agreement. Find out more about business in Banff.

Government
The Town of Banff is governed by a mayor and six councillors under The Municipal Government Act of the Province of Alberta. The next municipal election will be October 21, 2013 and will be the first four-year term under recent changes to the Act.